Most schools have some form of a compliance, sequential, escalative approach to sanctions with the main aim being control, not necessarily meeting the needs of the individual child. Many use the C1 - C4 assertive discipline approach which is particularly destructive. The needs of the majority are taken as the main priority and the BM policy aims to squeeze the others into compliance by force.
This approach builds major stress into a small group of students who may also be facing a whole host of other issues outside the school.
This article has a real insight into the views of some of these children and also highlights the approaches that can be used to improve the life chances for many tens of thousands of our schoolchildren